Many of the passages of the Book of Psalms are prophecies referring to the Promised Messiah and His Kingdom. Listed here is a list of the main references in Psalms and the fulfillment by Jesus Christ.
He Was God's Son
"I will declare the decree: the lord hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee" (Psalm 2:7).
"For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son? And again, when he bringeth in the first begotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him" (Hebrews 1:5, 6).
He Raised Himself From The Dead
"I have set the lord always before me: because he is at my right hand, I shall not be moved. Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory rejoiceth: my flesh also shall rest in hope. For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thy Holy One to see corruption" (Psalm 16:8-10).
"This psalm is often called a messianic psalm because it is quoted in the New Testament as referring to the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Both Peter and Paul quoted from this psalm when speaking of Christ's bodily resurrection." - Life Application Bible, p. 963.
The Apostle Peter preached saying; "Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be holden of it. For David speaketh concerning him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved: therefore did my heart rejoice, and my tongue was glad; moreover also my flesh shall rest in hope; because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption" (Acts 2:24-27).
"Peter began with a public proclamation of the resurrection, at a time when it could be verified by many witnesses. This was a powerful statement, because many of the people listening to Peter's words were in Jerusalem 50 days earlier at Passover and may have seen or heard about the crucifixion of this 'great teacher.' Jesus' resurrection was the ultimate sign that what he said about himself was true. Without the resurrection, we would have no reason to believe in Jesus." - Life Application Bible, p. 1875.
He Was Crucified
"My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? Why art thou so far from helping me, and from the words of my roaring? O my God, I cry in the daytime, but thou hearest not; and in the night season, and am not silent. But thou art holy, O thou that inhabitest the praises of Israel. Our fathers trusted in thee: they trusted, and thou didst deliver them. They cried unto thee, and were delivered: they trusted in thee, and were not confounded. But I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people. All they that see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they shake the head, saying, He trusted on the Lord that he would deliver him: let him deliver him, seeing he delighted in him. But thou art he that took me out of the womb: thou didst make me hope when I was upon my mother's breasts. I was cast upon thee from the womb: thou art my God from my mother's belly, be not far from me; for trouble is near; for there is none to help. Many bulls have compassed me: strong bulls of Basham have beset me round. They gaped upon me with their mouths, as a ravening and a roaring lion. I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in the midst of my bowels. My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; and thou hast brought me into the dust of death. For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have enclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet. I may tell all my bones: they look and stare upon me. They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture. But be not thou far from me, O Lord: O my strength, haste thee to help me. Deliver my soul from the sword; my darling from the power of the dog. Save me from the lion's mouth: for thou hast heard me from the horns of the unicorns" (Psalm 22:1-21).
"David gave an amazingly accurate description of the suffering the Messiah would endure hundreds of years later." - Life Application Bible, p. 969. Read the complete chapters of Matthew 26 and 27 for the detailed fulfillment of this prophecy.
Soldiers Gamble For Clothing
"They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture" (Psalm 22:18).
"Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts, to every soldier a part; and also his coat: now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout. They said therefore among themselves, Let us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be; that the scripture might be fulfilled, which saith, They parted my raiment among them, and for my vesture they did cast lots. These things therefore the soldiers did" (John 19:23, 24).
"My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; and thou hast brought me into the dust of death" (Psalm 22:15).
"After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst' (John 19:28).
He Spoke Of His Father
"I will declare thy name unto my brethren: in the midst of the congregation will I praise thee" (Psalm 22:22).
"For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings. For both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all of one for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren, saying, I will declare thy name unto my brethren, in the midst of the church will I sing praise unto thee" (Hebrews 2:10-12).
"We who have been set apart for God's service, cleansed, and made holy ('sanctified') by Jesus now have the same Father he has, so he is not ashamed to call us his 'brethren.' Various psalms often look forward to Christ and his work in the world." - Life Application Bible, p. 2158.
His Bones Would Not Be Broken
"He keepeth all his bones: not one of them is broken" (Psalm 34:20).
"But when they [soldiers] came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs:...For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken" (John 19:33, 36).
He Came To Do God's Will
"Then said I, Lo, I come: in the volume of the book it is written of me, I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy law is within my heart" (Psalm 40:7, 8).
"Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second. By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all" (Hebrews 10:9, 10).
One Close To Him Would Betray Him
"Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, which did eat of my bread, hath lifted up his heel against me" (Psalm 41:9).
One of the meanings of heel in the Hebrew terminology is "the rear of the army."
"And while he yet spake, behold a multitude, and he that was called Judas, one of the twelve, went before them, and drew near unto Jesus to kiss him. But Jesus said unto him, Judas, betrayest thou the Son of man with a kiss?" (Luke 22:47, 48).
"It is ironic that a gesture of greeting would be the means of betrayal. It was a hollow gesture because of Judas's treachery. Have any of your religious practices become empty gestures? We still betray Christ when our acts of service or giving are insincere or done merely for show." - Life Application Bible, p. 1780.
His Kingdom Will Last Forever
"Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre. Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows" (Psalm 45: 6, 7).
"But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom. Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows" (Hebrews 1:8, 9).
"Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight" (John 18:36a).
God's Kingdom is in Heaven, and those who believe in Jesus Christ as their Saviour are assured of spending Eternity with Him in Heaven.
He Ascended To Heaven
"Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive: thou hast received gifts for men; yea, for the rebellious also, that the Lord God might dwell among them" (Psalm 68:18).
"But unto every one of us is given grace according to the measure of the gift of Christ. Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men. (Now that he ascended, what is it but that he also descended first into the lower parts of the earth [Hades]? He that descended is the same also that ascended up far above all heavens, that he might fill all things)" (Ephesians 4:7-10).
Christ ascended to Heaven 40 days after His resurrection taking the saints with Him who had also been resurrected to life at the time He was.
He Was Zealous For God
"For the zeal of thine house hath eaten me up; and the reproaches of them that reproached thee are fallen upon me" (Psalm 69:9).
"And the Jews' Passover was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem, and found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting: and when he had made a scourge of small cords, he drove them all out of the temple, and the sheep, and the oxen; and poured out the changers' money, and overthrew the tables; and said unto them that sold doves, Take these things hence; make not my Father's house an house of merchandise. And the disciples remembered that it was written, The zeal of thine house hath eaten me up" (John 2:13-17).
"Jesus took the evil acts in the Temple as an insult against God, and thus he did not deal with them halfheartedly. He was 'eaten up' with righteous anger against such flagrant disrespect for God." - Life Application Bible, p. 1800.
He Was Offered Gall And Vinegar On The Cross
"Thou hast known my reproach, and my shame, and my dishonour: mine adversaries are all before thee. Reproach hath broken my heart; and I am full of heaviness: and I looked for some to take pity, but there was none; and for comforters, but I found none. They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink" (Psalm 6919-21).
"And straightway one of them ran, and took a sponge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him [Jesus] to drink" (Matthew 27:48).
Jesus had to drink the vinegar to free us from any and all family curses as the third commandment was that God would punish the Israelites for their iniquities unto the third and fourth generation (Exodus 20:5). God's New Covenant was: "And it shall come to pass, that like as I have watched over them, to pluck up, and to break down, and to throw down, and to destroy; and to afflict; so will I watch over them, to build, and to plant, saith the Lord. In those days they shall say no more, The fathers have eaten a sour grape, and the children's teeth are set on edge. But every one shall die for his own iniquity: every man that eateth the sour grape, his teeth shall be set on edge. Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the Lord: but this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the Lord, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people, and they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the Lord: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more" (Jeremiah 31:28-34).
Ezekiel 18:1-3 confirms this New Covenant also: "The word of the lord came unto me again, saying, What mean ye, that ye use this proverb concerning the land of Israel, saying, The fathers have eaten sour grapes, and the children's teeth are set on edge? As I live, saith the Lord God, ye shall not have occasion any more to use this proverb in Israel. Behold, all souls are mine; as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is mine: the soul that sinneth, it shall die." All praise to God for Jesus Christ our Saviour who completely covered our every sin on the cross! Amen!
He Was A Descendant Of David
"I have made a covenant with my chosen, I have sworn unto David my servant. Thy seed will I establish for ever, and build up thy throne to all generations. Selah." (Psalm 89:3, 4).
"My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips. Once have I sworn by my holiness that I will not lie unto David. His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne as the sun before me" (Psalm 89:34-36).
"And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God. And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS. He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David: and he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end" (Luke 1:30-33).
"Jesus, a Greek form of the Hebrew name Joshua, was a common name meaning 'Savior.' Just as Joshua led Israel into the Promised Land (see Joshua 1:1, 2), so Jesus would lead his people into eternal life. The symbolism of his name was not lost on the people of his day, who took names seriously and saw them as a source of power. In Jesus' name people were healed, demons were banished, and sins were forgiven." - Life Application Bible, p. 1706.
He Returned To Judge The World
"Let the field be joyful, and all that is therein: then shall all the trees of the wood rejoice before the Lord: for he cometh, for he cometh to judge the earth: he shall judge the world with righteousness, and the people with his truth" (Psalm 96:12, 13).
After Christ's spiritual coming in AD 66 to raise the rest of the dead, rapture the living saints, and bring judgment upon His enemies; the Jewish/Roman war broke out and Jerusalem was finally destroyed in AD 70 as Jesus had predicted. We encourage our readers to compare the apocalyptic symbolic meanings of Matthew 24 along with the accounts of first-century-historians such as Flavius Josephus who described with accuracy the events leading up to AD 70 of the Parousia for the saints and retribution to those who rejected Christ. Josephus' Wars Book 6 is available online and in university libraries. Any thoroughly deciphering Biblicist has to concede "the facts" are justifiably "the facts" as all of the signs outlined in Matthew 24 were fulfilled by AD 70.
He Is Both David's Son And God's Son
"The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool. The Lord shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies. Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth. The Lord hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek. The Lord at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath. He shall judge among the heathen, he shall fill the places with the dead bodies; he shall wound the heads over many countries. He shall drink of the brook in the way: therefore shall he lift up the head" (Psalm 110:1-7).
"While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, saying, What think ye of Christ? Whose son is he? They say unto him, The son of David. He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit call him lord, saying, The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool? If David then call him lord, how is he his son? And no man was able to answer him a word, neither durst any man from that day forth ask him any more questions" (Matthew 22:41-46).
"Many people have a vague belief in God, but refuse to accept Jesus as anything more than a great human teacher. But the Bible does not allow that option. Both the Old and New Testaments proclaim the deity of the One who came to save and to reign. Jesus pointed out that this psalm spoke of the Messiah as greater than David, Israel's greatest king (Mark 12:35-37). Peter used this psalm to show that Jesus, the Messiah, sits at God's right hand and is Lord over all (Acts 2:32-35). You can't straddle the fence, calling Jesus 'just a good teacher,' because the Bible clearly calls him Messiah and Lord." - Life Application Bible, p. 1047.
He Is The Eternal Priest-King
"The Lord hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek" (Psalm 110:4).
"Wherein God, willing more abundantly to show unto the heirs of promise the immutability of his counsel, confirmed it by an oath: that by two immutable things, in which it was impossible for God to lie, we might have a strong consolation, who have fled for refuge to lay hold upon the hope set before us: which hope we have as an anchor of the soul, both sure and stedfast, and which entereth into that within the veil; whither the forerunner is for us entered, even Jesus, made an high priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec" (Hebrews 6:17-20).
"The high priest could enter the Holy of Holies only once a year to stand before God's presence and atone for the sins of the entire nation. But Christ is in God's presence at all times, not just once a year, as the High Priest who can continually intercede for us. Melchizedek (Melchisedec) means 'king of righteousness,' and Salem (Jerusalem) means 'peace.'" - Life Application Bible, p. 2164.
He Is Rejected By Many, But Accepted By God
"I will praise thee: for thou hast heard me, and art become my salvation. The stone which the builders refused is become the head stone of the corner. This is the Lord's doing; it is marvellous in our eyes" (Psalm 118:21-23).
"Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded. Unto you therefore which believe he is precious: but unto them which be disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner, and a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed" (1 Peter 2:6-8).
"Jesus Christ is called 'a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence.' Some will stumble over him because they reject him or refuse to believe he is who he says he is....They have stumbled over the one person who could save them and give meaning to their lives, and they have fallen into God's hands for judgment." - Life Application Bible, p. 2198.
|site search by freefind|
Quotation Credit. Life Application Bible Notes Used By Permission. Life Application Study Bible 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1996 by Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., Wheaton, IL 60189. All rights reserved. Life Application is a registered trademark of Tyndale Publishers, Inc.
Copyright 2011, 2012, 2016 Covenant Of Sovereign Grace Ministry. This article may be printed in its entirety for personal study and free distribution. Please include the following statement: "Permission granted by Covenant Of Sovereign Grace Ministry for Free Distribution Only - Never To Be Sold". "Buy [possess] the truth and sell it not; also wisdom, and instruction, and understanding" (Proverbs 23:23). Jesus said: "The kingdom of heaven [He Himself] is at hand ... freely ye have received, freely give" (Matthew 10:7, 8).